Textbook providing a simple and accessible account of the history of China from 1978 to 1992, focusing on the themes of reform and modernization. Reviews the earlier historical background and presents the more recent political history in three periods: the two Third Plenums and the interim, 1978-84; the worsening of reform problems, 1984-89; and the road from crisis to recovery, 1989-92. Examines rural economic reform; industrial economic reforms; special economic zones and open investment areas; Deng Xiaoping's brand of reformed Marxism-Leninism with modernization as its core; the law; the environment; education; health delivery and social welfare; population; foreign relations with the superpowers; and foreign relations with neighboring states. Evaluates China's success in modernization and reform, assesses the situation in the early 1990s, and considers prospects for the future. Mackerras is with the Key Centre for Asian Languages and Studies at Griffith University, Brisbane. Taneja is at the China-Australia Iron and Steel Industry Training Centre, Wuhan, China. Young is at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia. Select bibliography; index.